The office of the talathi (Gram Sevak) generally used to ho field by hereditary kulkarnis. From 1914 onwards hereditary kulkarnis were allowed subject to certain conditions, to commute the right of service attached to the kulkarni watan. In the Sholapur district almost all the kulkarni watans were commuted and stipendiary talathis were substituted. With effect from May 1951 all kulkarni watans along with the right of service were abolished by the Bombay Paragana and Kulkarni Watans Abolition Act (LX of 1950). If the villages are small, one talathi is appointed for two or more villages, which are called his charge or saza. His main duties consist of maintenance of the village accounts relating to demand, collection and arrears of land revenue, etc., the record-of-rights and all other village forms prescribed by the Government; inspection of crops and boundary-marks and prepare agricultural statistics and levy lists; and helping the patil in the collection of land revenue and write the combined day work, including that of the police patil when the latter is illiterate.

Their services were transferred to the Zilla Parishad and they were termed as the Assistant Gram Sevak. However, their services have again recently been transferred to the State Government.

The number of Talathis in the district during the year 1971 was 313.