The Registration Department primarily deals with the (a) registration of documents under the Indian Registration Act (XVI of 1908); (b) registration of marriages under the Bombay Registration of Marriages Act (V of 1954); the Parsee Marriages and Divorce Act (III of 1936); the Special Marriages Act (XLIII of 1954); and (c) registration of births and deaths under the Births, Deaths and Marriages Act (VI of 1886).

Organisation: The Settlement Commissioner and the Director of Land Records is ex-officio Inspector-General of Registration. Besides his duties under the Registration Act, he is the chief controlling revenue authority under the Bombay Stamps Act, and the Bombay Court-Fees Act except for Greater Bombay. The District Collector functions as an ex-officio District Registrar. For each taluka there is a Sub-Registrar who performs the duties connected with the registration of documents. The Sub-Registrar at district head-quarters (who is designated as head-quarter Sub-Registrar) assists the Collector in his work as District Registrar. District Registrars are vested with all the statutory powers under the Indian Registration Act. They are also the appointing authorities of clerks and peons in their districts.

The District Registrar gives guidance to the Sub-Registrars in their day-to-day work. He visits the Sub-Registry offices in his district at least once in every two years, and sends his memoranda of inspection to the Inspector-General. He hears appeals and applications referred to him under the Indian Registration Act, 1908, against refusals to register documents by the Sub-Registrar under him. Under the same Act, he is empowered to condone delays in presentation of documents and appearance of executants provided the delay does not exceed four months, and to direct registration of the documents concerned on payment of a fine not exceeding ten times the proper registration fees. He is also competent to order refunds in cases of surcharges and to grant full or partial remission of safe custody fees in suitable cases. A will or a codicil can be deposited with him in a sealed cover and it can be got registered at the cost of the party desiring it, after the death of the depositor.

Inspectors of Registration are appointed by the Inspector-General of Registration from amongst the Senior Sub-Registrars of proved merit. Their function is to inspect Sub-Registry offices in their division.

Sub-Registrars are appointed by the Inspector-General of Registration. Their main function is to register documents under the Indian Registration Act. The Sub-Registrars at all taluka and district headquarters places are the Registrars of Marriages under the Bombay Registration of Marriages Act, 1954, and the Parsee Marriages and Divorce Act (III of 1936) only. The Sub-Registrars at the district head-quarters are the Marriage Officers under the Special Marriages Act, 1954.

Sholapur district is divided into eleven registration sub-districts under the Indian Registration Act. They are Sholapur, Akkalkot, Barshi, Karmala, Madha, Malshiras, Mangalwedha, Mohol, Pandharpur, Sangola and Vairag. Each of these registration sub-districts has a Sub-Registry office.

Photo copying system and records: Photo copying system has been introduced in ten Sub-Registry offices except the Sub-Registry office at Vairag. At Vairag the documents are copied by hand. In these offices documents presented for registration are photographed in Government Photo Registry, Pune. The copies of documents which are received from Government Photo Registry, Pune, are preserved as permanent record.

All the old records, since the introduction of the Indian Registration Acts, have been preserved at the Central Records office at Sholapur.

Under the Indian Registration Act (XVI of 1908), compulsory registration is required in the case of certain documents and optional registration is provided for certain other documents. The documents which fulfil the prescribed requirements and for which the required stamp duty and the registration fees are paid are registered. A record of such registered documents is kept and extracts of documents affecting immoveable property in respect of which Record of Rights is maintained are sent to the officers concerned for making mutations. Certified copies from the preserved records of registered documents are also issued to the parties who apply for them.

Table No. 1 shows the statistics of registration affecting moveable and immoveable property in the Sholapur district since 1946 for a few years.

Registration of marriages: The number of marriages registered under the Bombay Registration of Marriages Act (V of 1954) was 1,714 for the year 1967 resulting in an income of Rs. 2,618 by way of fees. The number of marriages registered under the said Act for the year 1968 was 1,225 and the income derived stood at Rs. 1,963. For the present the Act is applicable to the district and taluka places and places having municipalities. The number of marriages registered under the Special Marriages Act, 1954, was 15 for the year 1967 as against 19 for the year 1968.

Income and expenditure: The following statement shows the statistics of income and expenditure in the Sholapur district since 1946 for a few years:-